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AGM-114 Hellfire технические данные


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M-34 Dummy, Bronze Coller Bands. used for practice with ordiance Marines.

 

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Training Missle M-36E1, only for captive flight, does have a seeker. Blue bands

 

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Tactical, Yellow Collor bands

 

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ATM-114Q Air Training missle yellow band around the propulsion and blue band around the warhead

 

Differnt type of tactical Warheads

AGM-114A/B/C - unitary(main charge) single-charged

AGM-114F/K/K-2 - tandem (precursor charge and main charge) shape-charge warhead capable of defeating any fielded tank

AGM-114M - blast fragmentaion, capable of detsroying softe rtargets, multi room and littoral tagrets(small boats)

AGM-114N/N-5 - thermobaric, MOUT multi-room and littoral targets (small boats)

 

When does missle arm

when acceleration exceeds 10gs between 150-300m in front of a/c

 

Max & Avg velcoity of missle

475m/s (Mach 1.4)

375m/s

 

Sections of Hellfire

-Seeker or Guidance Section

-Warhead section

-Propulsion Section

-Control Section

 

Which AGM-114s have seeker section

AGM-114 A/B/C/F

 

Which AGM-114s have guidance section

AGM-114K/K-2/M/N/N-5

 

How long does propulsion section burn

2-3 secs depending on temp, total impulse 4600 Lbf*sec (for 3 sec)

 

AGM-114K

64" lenght, 100lbs, PreCursor 2.2 LX-14, & 12.6 LX-14.

-HEAT - High explosive anti tank

-Shape Charge

 

AGM-114 A/B/C

64", 100lbs, 13.7lbs LX-4

A- Hi trajectory, No Ship

B- SAD & ship

C-No Ship

 

AGM-114F

71", 107lbs, .64 LX-14, 13.7 lbs of LX-14. .64 precursor

-Not approved for ships

 

AGM-114K-2 &AGM-114K-2A

K - 64", 100lbs, 2.2 LX-14, 12.6

K-2 - 64", 100lbs, yes ship 2.2 PBXN-9, 12.4

K-2A - 64", 104.5lbs, no ship, frag sleeve, good vs personnel

Both - 2.2 PBXN-9, 12.4 PBXN, PRF & PIM capability

-Penetration 30" (официальная величина бронепробития после ERA! :thumbup:)

 

AGM-114M

64", 105lbs, 6 lbs of explosive & incendiary material, 5.5 lbs of PBXN-109, .49lbs if zicronium

-Blast fragmentaion warhead

-Has time dleay module that allows penetration before detonation

-Used against buldings, armoured personell carrier (APC), bunkers, & small boats.

-Penetration is kenetic, sensed by fuze, time delay, detonation creates an over pressure & frag effect

 

AGM-114N/N-5

64", 106lbs, 4.1 lbs of MAC liner, 4.6lbs PBXN-112

-Thermobaric warhead contains metal augmented warhead (MAC)

-ESAD

-MAC mixture of vitvin coated alluminum powder gives thermobaric properties

- Larger pulse due to aluminum burning

-Primary for MOUT. Good for multi room structures, APCs, bunkers, and small boats.

-Penetration is kentic, sensed by fuze time delay, thermobaric warhead detonates

-Has restricted PRF codes.

N-5 - identical except for LOBL * LOAL-D, flower missle AOA at impact, enhances penetration and target engagments under overhangs, caves.

 

LOAL, Lo& Hi Range

8KM

 

LOBL & LOAL Dir range

7KM

 

When it it hotter does helffire travel faster or slower

faster

 

What laser codes are best for hell fire and why

1111 thru 1488, update every 70 ft 1511-1788 only update every 140fr

 

5 Seeker Modes

Cage - seeker inhibited until gyro spun up or RHE common cage

Scan - Box scan pattern to acquire and lock on to laser

Stare - looks straight ahead

Slave - Seeker response to LOS command In LOAL or RHE in LOBL

Track - Keeps reflected laser energy centered on detector

 

Temp limits for LOBL

Above 90F, 30 mins A/B/C/f

Above 125F, 30 mins K/M/N

Limit for continuous search. Needs a cool down min for each min in search. 2 min downtime after deselect ion before reselection

 

Launch sequence modes

Rapid - auto selected and launched under single laser code

Ripl - auto selected and launched alternately under the two active laser codes

Manual - Enter

 

types of malfunctions

UL-Unlatched

MF-Miss fire

HF- Hangfire

SF - Station Fail

 

nominal search area for seeker

5 deg below and 15 deg above

 

Cloud Clearence Rule of Thumb for LOAL

Ceilings above 2000', no factor

800-2000', LOAL-Dir/LOAL-Lo

 

Hellfire Locations

card-35142087-back.jpg

 

Hellfire missle leaves launch rail at how many degrees

+4

 

LOBL climb at 3, 5, 7

300',500',600

 

Max LOAL Dir range?

7 KM

 

Max offset for viz > 5km, for LOAL

7.5 deg on either side = 90%Ph

5 Deg

 

In LOAL-Dir a Delay designation is required to produce the

low-altitude trajectory of this

 

In LOAL, the AGM-114K/K-2/M/N/N-5 lock-on is inhibited

until approximately mode 1.5 seconds after launch.

 

What happenes when LOAL-Lo in launched

Launches at +4 deg, climbs at 19 deg for 2 secs, maintains 1.25 deg attitude if not locked on.

 

Describe Box Scan for Loal-Lo

At 2.25 secs box scan initiated, 40 deg horizontal, 12 deg vertically, 9.75 deg centered below missle body

 

What happens when seeker is locked on LOAL-LO/HI

Missle autopilot will intiate climb until seeker LOS takes over

 

Max mast and min stand off for LOAL-Lo

260', 600m

 

Min effective enegagment range for LOAL-LO at 0deg offset

2000m

 

Min/Max delay and trajectory for LOAL-LO

4/15 secs 800'

 

What intially happens at launch LOAL-Hi

Launched at +4 deg, climbs at +19 deg for 2 secs, then 16.25 deg fro 2 secs, if no lock on maintains 1.25 deg attitude

 

Describe Box scan for LOAL-HI

at 4.4 secs, box scan intiates 40 deg horizontally, 12 deg vertcall, 11.75 deg below missle body

 

Max mask and standoff for LOAL-Hi

1000', 1,500m

 

Min effective range for LOAL-Hi

3.5KM

 

Min/Max delay and peak alt for LOAL-Hi

4/15 secs, 1400'

 

Buddy Lasing Tehcnique

-50-500m of separation

-Shooting A/C roughly same heading as the DTL(designator to target line)

-Shooting A/C should be abeam or slightly fwd of lasing A/C

 

What retention force does missle have to overide on M299 to be released

360-700lbs

 

The seeker detector is

gimbal-mounted and gyro-stabilized with a mass composed of the following:

• Mirror

• Balance wheel

• Permanent magnet rotor spinning at 4,200 rpm

The detector has a 30° offset gimbal limit.

 

M299 Code L or K

MIssle present but not coded. L mean the Hellfire B,C,F series, or K series that does not accept PIM code is present. K means Hellfire II series (K,M or N) is present.

 

M299 Code A-H, or M

Missle present, laser coded and passed BIT (built-in-test - оборудование встроенного контроля), letter represents the laser code identifier. M is for manual laser code

 

M299 Code BF

Missle has failed BIT

 

M299 Code MF

Steady - Missle has failed (other than BIT). Flashing - Missle misfire. MF flashes for 6 secs then display continuously. All weapons firing is inhibited for 6 sec.

 

M299 Code HF

Hangfire - Missle complete launch sequence to leave the launcher rail but failed to launch. HF flashes for 6 secs at 3 to 5 HZ, then displays continuously. All weapons firing is inhibited for 6 secs.

 

M299 Codes SF, UL, BIT, (blank)

-station failed

-missle unlatched

-Missle is undergoing BIT

-Missle in process of acetping coding

 

Delay lase, causes a higher or lower trajectory

lower

 

LOAL-DIR trajectory at max delay

400\'

 

if viz is greater or less than how many km, and max off set

5, 7.5,5

 

TSS LOS should be within how many degrees of aircraft heading prior to firing laser?

5

 

when Conducting RIPL hellfire when does the laser code change

If laser is fired during the first hellfire missle shot, the code will not swap from the primary channel to alternate code until laser trigger is released and reeengaged

 

114M/N penetration of reinforced concrete

9"

 

The K/K2 can penetrate how many inches of reinforced concrete

30

 

Hellfire TOF

1 - 3

2 - 7

3 - 10

4 - 14

5 - 19

6 - 24

7 - 29

8 - 36

 

LOBL Min effective engagement range

A,B,C - 800m

F - 1,400m

K,K-2,M,N,N-5 - 500m

 

min Engagement for all modes

500, 1500, 2000, 3500

LOBL, DIR, LO, HI

 

For LOBL Skids must be min ___ ft above highest terrain within ___m in front if aircraft

10, 200

 

what does max range LOBL shot climb too and what attitude is safe for FW

2000, 3000

 

how many seconds/km does hellfire fall

4 seconds/km

 

Target acquisition should not be expected in LOBL mode if target is above

290' per km

 

Min ceiling for hellfire employment

500'

 

How many seconds between shooting hellfires ripl

.5 second

 

seeker spins

4200rpm

 

Airborne Describe Hellfire Designator Exclusion zone

30 deg on either side, 15k\' cross range at 8km, 22k\' alt at 8km down center, 15k\' at edge 8km 40 deg center, 30 deg edge

 

Min safe, danger close

900m,110m

 

Types of designator error

boresight, spot jitter, beam divergence, attenuation, back scatter, overspill, underspill, entrapment

 

what's MR

multiple returns caused by under spill usually. change TSS LOS of position of A/C

 

underspillplacing laser too low , PO rt ion spills on foreground

 

back scatter

portion if laser energy scatter back in direction of seeker by obscurant. #1 cause of Hellfires miss

 

How does Gen 2 do better against back scatter

pulse discrimination logic

 

beam divergence

6.02" per km

 

attenuation

portion if the laser beam scatter by obscurant and not enough energy returns

 

overspill

portion if laser beam misses tgt and hits object beyond. long range, beam divergence

 

entrapment

spot falls within enclosed area cause angle to change

 

constraint circle is how many degrees. Gimbal is how many deg

20, 30

 

steady on target time prior to impact

6 secs at 2-6 km

7 at 7

8 at 8

 

Rapid fire allows you

first at up to 3 different tgts, 8 secs apart, in the sam FOV, max 100 m apart

 

spot jitter

motion of designator

 

airborne designator must be inside and outside

with 120 deg outside the 30 by 40 deg

 

LOBL scan pattern

14 x 20 searched area

23 x 20 ( 2 missles)

6 x 12 scan pattern

8 deg ifov

32 x 20 3 missled

 

break lock can be avoided by?

rotating 3-5 deg towards missle

 

What range to use CTVC and FLIR

5000m

 

designator and target should never be greater than

60 deg

 

max airspeed for jettison

120kts

 

in what mode and for how long is lock on h inhibited after launch

LOAL, 1.5 sec

 

Rocket motor thrust must override of much lbs

360-700

 

What laser codes acheive bettwr missle performance

1111-1488, updates every 70\'

 

Buddy Lasing Tehcnique (separation, location)

-50-500m of separation

-Shooting A/C roughly same heading as the DTL(designator to target line)

-Shooting A/C should be abeam or slightly fwd of lasing A/C

 

Min/Max delay and trajectory for LOAL-LO

4/15 secs 800'

 

Min effective enegagment range for LOAL-LO at 0 deg offset

2000m

 

range of LOAL-Lo

2-8km

 

LOBL climb trajectory at 3, 5, 7

300',500',600

 

What laser codes are best for RW hell fire and why

1111 thru 1488, update every 70 ft 1511-1788 only update every 140fr

 

Hellfire II missiles share a common rocket motor and SAD. The M120E5 is a single thrust, rod and tube motor design containing approximately 9.1 kilogram of class 1.1 propellant .

How many steel fragments come from P-4A

1152

 

What 114 has shaped charge?

Steel sleeve?

Tantalum sleeve?

P-4

P-4A

P-4B

 

AGM-114PM

N4

P4

P4A

P4B

R-2

Maritime

Thermobaric

Shaped charge w/precursor, Anti tank

Shaped w/precursor, Steel sleeve-frag

Shaped w/precur, Tantalum sleeve-frag

Delayed fuze

 

114R you fire 1.3 m above ground

Set HOB 1744

 

GEN 1 / 2 seeker differences:

-Analog v Digital

-If Gen 1 goes in clouds it will continue to go wherever its going based on predetermined climb rates and go further into the clouds, Gen 2 will bias back to last point of laser energy by moving the missile body in the direction the seeker was last acquiring laser energy and resume tracking once it comes out of the cloud and reacquires the target.

 

Searched area for lobl/loal, 1-3 missiles on rail

LOBL (75% (15°) of scan below horizon; 25% 5° above) (IFOV = 8x8°; scan pattern = 6x12° yielding 14x20° total; each added missile has 14x20° with a 5° horizontal overlap between missiles)

1: 14 horizontal x 20 vertical

2: 23 horizontal x 20 vertical

3: 32 horizontal x 20 vertical

 

LOAL:

40x12 (IFOV = 8x8°; scan pattern = 32x4 yielding 40x10° total)

Depression

DIR - 4.25°

LO - 9.75° (2.25 sec delay post launch until scan commences prevents nose lock)

HI - 11.75° (4.4 sec delay post launch until scan commences prevents nose lock)

 

Laser Errors

Boresight Error - mechanical error

Spot jitter - inherent in system and a/c

Beam divergence - 160 microradians = 6" per km = 48" @ 8km

Attenuation - laser being scattered by obscurants, dust, moisture

Backscatter - laser energy being returned to seeker by particles/competing sources (#1 cause for miss)

Overspill - energy on target but spills over target

Underspill - energy on target but spills before as well

Entrapment - no laser return. (spot inside room/cave, etc)

Specular reflection - laser energy is being reflected onto something creating a spot that is not the target

Podium effect - portions of the laser energy are blocked from the seeker view

 

5 laser seeker modes

Cage: inhibited from slaving or tracking

Stare: seeker along axis of missile body

Scan: pre-determined box scan

Track: maintain detected laser energy on detector pre-amplifier

Slave: commanded by RHE or missile autopilot

 

AGM-114 K2B

Warhead: Frag Sleeve

Explosive: 2.2 lbs PBXN-9 precursor

12.4 lbs PBXN-9 main

Uses 10.9 lbs tantalum sleeve. Increased armor penetration cap (higher density/melting point)

 

AGM-114 K2A

Warhead: Frag Sleeve

Explosive: 2.2 lbs PBXN-9 precursor

12.4 lbs PBXN-9 main

4.5 lb, 1/8 in thick Steel Frag Sleeve for softer skin vehicles. 15m lethal radius; breaks into frag on contact. Not ship Authorized. 48% Decrease in penetration.

 

AGM-114 K

Warhead: Tandem HEAT

Explosive: 2.2 lbs LX-14 precursor

12.6 lbs LX-14 main

1st HF2. Digital vice Analog circuitry, Reduced Backscatter problems. Has PRF+PIM. Pulse Discrimination logic for anti-spoofing. ESAF designed to defeat ERA Can penetrate 40"rolled homogenous steel (xxxx mm secret #).

 

AGM-114 K2

Warhead: Tandem HEAT

Explosive: 2.2 lbs PBXN-9 precursor

12.4 lbs PBXN-9 main

Same as K but with PBXN-9 explosive

 

AGM-114L

Inertial guided and radar aided anti-tank missile

 

AGM-114L5

Inertial guided and radar aided anti-tank missile with electronic counter-countermeasure capability against RF missile jammers.

 

AGM-114L-7/8A

C-UAS / C-Littoral

Frag Sleeve

Proximity Fuze

 

http://www.studydroid.com/index.php?page=viewPack&packId=560803

 

5-10. The MQ-1C aircraft can carry the AGM-114 P+ and AGM-114R/R2 series of missiles. In the attack configuration four missiles are carried, and in the reconnaissance/attack configuration two missiles are carried. Both missiles incorporate an expanded engagement envelope from 180 to 360 degrees depending on the AVs altitude and software series. The P+ is currently being phased out as the R model is fielded. The R series of Hellfire missiles is the bridge to the Hellfire replacement which is the joint air to ground missile (JAGM). The R series comes in two versions, the AGM-114R and the AGM-114R2.

 

The AGM-114 R incorporates an integrated blast fragmentation sleeve (IBFS) warhead which is unique to the Hellfire family of missiles. This one warhead provides the commander with three capabilities. A high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) capability with a pre-cursor charge for attacking reactive armor equipped tanks and other hard targets, a blast fragmentation capability for light vehicles and personnel and a settable delay to allow the warhead to penetrate through a wall or ceiling and into a structure maximizing the overpressure feature of the warhead before detonation occurs.

 

The AGM-114R2 additionally incorporates a height of burst (HOB) capability which detonates the warhead approximately 3 feet prior to the missile impacting the target. This HOB capability provides an increased probability of kill (Pk) by eliminating the attenuation of the fragments by the ground. Danger close for both series of missiles is 120 meters.

 

f6a125db9e1abd281537b6b97f24b425.jpg

 

FM 3-04 Army Aviation

 

http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/DR_pubs/dr_a/pdf/fm3_04.pdf

 

What level of thrust is required in order for the missile to separate from the launcher and what must be overcome in the AGM 114 series?

2670N to overcome the hold back latch

 

When would a missile enter decorrelation in the AGM 114 series?

When losing track of the target in the terminal phase

 

How long should you allow the hellfire missile seeker gimbals to spin down prior to powering the missile seeker again?

30 seconds

 

Describe decorrelation in the AGM 114 series

Used when target correlation is lost

Missile flies on last line of sight of target

Changes to terminal phase on target reacquisition

 

Describe the thermal battery in the AGM 114 series

Fused salt type lithium alloy battery

Stainless steel container

EED initiated

Provides 28V dc at 9 - 25.4 amps for 55 seconds

 

What determines the choice of mode of operation for the AGM 114L?

Moving or stationary target

Distance

 

What are the ranges of the longbow choice of mode operations?

15444903_m.jpeg

 

longbow LOAL только против неподвижных book.gif

 

http://www.cram.com/flashcards/guided-weapons-6855547

 

What power is used to move the AGM-114 control fins and how long can it last?

Pneumatic pressure (Gas Gain Generator) from the accumulator; up to 70 secs (55 secs when cold, i.e. -40 Deg)

 

What is the typical AGM-114 impact angle you can expect when utilising LOAL-H (High)?

84 Deg

 

What is the typical AGM-114 impact angle you can expect when utilising LOAL-L (Low)?

12 Deg

 

How long does the AGM-114 Thermal Battery last?

155 secs

 

What is the time delay that is hardwired into the AGM-114N-4?

9.8 ms

 

How far away from other objects must the AGM-114R-2 (HoB) maintain?

3m (+/- 1m)

 

What will happen if the AGM-114 does not acquire the laser during its ToF?

It will navigate to the estimated tgt position

 

Ideally you should assure an AGM-114 Sonic Boom time of less than how many secs? How do you minimise a sonic boom?

2 secs. Less manoeuvre of the missile.

 

https://quizlet.com/240411290/mq-9-test-299-flash-cards/

 

AGM-114R Flight Profiles

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LOBL and LOAL Comparison

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Romeo LOBL Offset Angle and Minimum Range to Target

500 meters @ 0 degrees

700 meters @ 20 degrees

 

Romeo LOAL-DIR Offset Angle and Minimum Range to Target

1500 meters @ 0 degrees

2000 meters @ 30 degrees

 

Romeo LOAL-FLAT Offset Angle and Minimum Range to Target

1500 meters @ 0 degrees

2000 meters @ 30 degrees

 

Romeo LOAL-LOFT Offset Angle and Minimum Range to Target

3500 meters @ 0 degrees

3500 meters @ 30 degrees

 

https://quizlet.com/234048512/romeo-model-hellfire-missile-characteristics-agm-114r-flash-cards/

 

The minimum cloud ceiling to fire a “K” model missile in any mode (i.e. LOBL / LOAL) is?



300 feet at 3 Km

500 feet and 5Km

600 feet at 7 Km.

 

What is the definition of Ripple fire?

Multiple missiles launched with two, or more, unique laser channel codes

 

What symbol is displayed on the RF missile icon to indicate that the missile is ready to receive the target?

“R”

 

When the RF missile-training mode is enabled, what symbol will be displayed on all tactical RF missile icons?

“NA”



What does the TME emulate and replicate?

The TME emulates the missile control decision making process, replicates the missile launch mode selection processing, target acquisition and tracking function, BIT routines and thermal management characteristics.

 

How long is the allowable training mode, missile elapsed ON time?

30 minutes



 

What symbol will appear on the RF missile icon if the maximum allowable elapsed ON time is exceeded?

“OT”



 

What is “transfer alignment”?

The transfer of the aircraft inertial data to the missile inertial platform



What are the three acquisition sources that may provide targeting information for an RF missile target handover?

TADS, FCR or RFHO/IDM



When will a centered “T” be displayed in the missile constraints box?

When the training mode is enabled and weapons system actioned

 

Why would the RF missile LOBL INHIBIT option be used?

To allow for LOAL shots only, Inhibits MSL from radiating on rail, which reduces MSL signature.

smile.gif похвальная забота о мелочах, о_0

 

Which page has the command to “arm” the hellfire launchers without pressing the master “arm/safe” button?

WPNS UTIL

 

Can the BACKSCATTER inhibit be overridden by the trigger’s second detent?

NO



 

At what time and for how long is the message “LASE NN TRGT” displayed in the High Action Display during LOAL SAL missile launches?

Message is displayed for 4 seconds starting at TOF-12 calculated missile TOF



What does the message “TARGET DATA?” mean in the HAD?

No Target data is available i.e. MSL WAS’D, RF MSL selected and, TADS is selected LOS



 

When ever the type is selectedRF the_"TGT DATA"_message will always be present unless a_RFHO_has been received or a_TADS RF handover_has been accomplished.

 

The missile counter-counter measures (MSL CCM) button enables the counter-counter measure routine within the laser missile. This selection:

This selection narrows tracking capability of the missile. This option should only be used when know electro-optical countermeasures are being used. The MSL CCM button enables the counter-countermeasure routine within the laser missile.

smile.gif

 

To prevent IAT break lock due to missile launch, the crew should offset the aircraft centerline_3-5 degrees_ to the side the SAL missile will be launched from.



Backscatter is generally caused by_____.

A portion of the laser energy reflected off atmospheric particles in the laser path back toward the designator while the remainder of the laser energy penetrates towards the target.



 

A RF missile uses a curved trajectory to induce relative motion between a stationary target and its background by flying an off-axis path to the target. This is called_Doppler Beam Sharpening_.

 

Doppler Beam Sharpening (DBS) uses a curved trajectory to induce a relative motion for stationary targets (STI) to enhance the probability of detection and tracking between what ranges?

2500 to 8000 meters

 

What is the minimum launch altitude for a RF missile ?



15 meters

 

The AUTO button will enable automatic missile power management, this prevents?

missile overheating.

 

At a 20 degree offset launch angle an RF missile azimuth flight profile will use a maximum cross range of_990m_meters at 8 km.

 

What is the minimum engagement ranges for a LOAL DIR SAL “K” missile at zero degree offset?_1500m_. At 7.5 degree offset?_1700m_.

 

What is the minimum effective range of a “K” LOBL engagement with a 0 degree offset angle from the aircraft datum line?_500m_. With a 20 degree offset?_700m_.

 

The LOBL missile constraint box is?

+/- 20degrees.



 

The LOAL missile constraint box is?

+/- 7.5degrees.

(-10, pg 4-16.1

 

If the RF missile is tracking and the target range is greater than or equal to_1km_, the allowable constraints angle is__20 degrees_



If the RF missile is tracking and the target range is less than_1km_, the allowable constraints angle is_5 degrees_

 

A flashing “R” in the Missile status and Inventory field indicates what?

Priority MSL for LOAL engagement



What is the minimum effective range of a “K” LOAL-LO engagement with a 0 degree offset angle from the aircraft datum line2000m. With a 7.5 Degree offset?_2500m_



What is the minimum effective range of a “C” LOAL-HI engagement with a 0 degree offset angle from the aircraft datum line?_3500m_. With a 7.5 Degree offset?_4500m_.

 

After the RFI emitter has ceased radiating for 30 sec the symbols will change to?

Partial Intensity

 

What does the DEICE Button on the SAL missile page for?

It is used to manually deice SAL missile seekers in preparation for missile launch.

smile.gif прикольно

 

The RF missiles can overheat (OT) if it is radiating (tracking) a target for more than ______ minutes.

3 minutes

 

What is the RF missile radiation hazard area to be avoided?

1 meter - 45 degrees

 

http://www.studydroid.com/printerFriendlyViewPack.php?packId=83850

 

To achieve the best missile performance, keep the data latencies to a minimum. Sometimes, this requires a new FCR scan or TADS new laze for handover. Some guidelines for use are—

(TC 3-04.45 PG D-16)

1.Moving targets tracking on the rail can tolerate trigger pull latency.

For RF inhibit FCR moving target, trigger pull latency no more than 15 seconds.

For FCR stationary targets, trigger pull latency no more than 15 seconds.

For RF handover engagements, trigger pull latency no more than 15 seconds.

For TADS stationary target, trigger pull latency no more than 5 seconds.

 

To decrease the effect of target velocities building up over time, the crew should attempt to fire the LOAL TADS to RF missile hand over no longer than ___ TO ___ seconds after the TARGET DATA message disappears.

5 to 7

 

Target velocities are set to _____ during TADS to RF handover, if target velocities are under a specific threshold. V13 Differences Training WPN Slide 7

zero

 

______________ is transfer of aircraft inertial data to the missile inertial platform, which occurs automatically, whether in flight or not, at missile power up with no pilot action required.

Transfer alignment

 

_____ is displayed on the RF missile icon to indicate that transfer alignment has occurred, and that the missile is ready to receive a target

"R"

 

____________________ is when a missile uses a curved trajectory to induce relative motion between a stationary target and its background by flying an off-axis path to the target.

Doppler beam sharpening

 

The AUTO button will enable automatic missile power management. In the AUTO mode RF missiles will be powered up at ______ _______ ______. This does NOT occur when missiles are actioned.

10 minute intervals

 

A RF missile can receive a target handover from one of the following sources: _____ ____ _____.

TADS, FCR, IDM

 

The target acquisition and tracking modes are terms used to explain the different ways that the missile seeker improves its chances of locating and hitting LOBL and LOAL targets.

a. The missile has three target acquisition modes: _________________________________

b. The missile has two tracking modes: ____

Pre-terminal track acquisition, Terminal track acquisition, and Moving target acquisition.

Pre-terminal track and Terminal track.

 

When a stationary target is handed over to the RF missile between 0.5 KM and 1.0 KM, the missile will radiate and attempt to LOBL. At this range the missile must achieve LOBL. IF the target is not detected or track is subsequently lost, the message ___ _________ will be displayed and firing will be inhibited.

"NO ACQUIRE "

 

When an RF missile uses DBS, and the target is on the left side of the missile centerline, the missile will DBS to the _______side of the target.

right

 

How long is the allowable training mode missile elapsed ON time?

30 minutes

 

What does the message "TARGET DATA?" mean in the HAD?

Indicates no target data is available (i.e. MSL WAS'D, RF MSL selected and TADS is the selected LOS)

 

The missile counter-counter measures (MSL CCM) button enables the counter-counter measure routine within the laser missile. This selection _______ the pulse repetition frequency (PRF number of pulses per second) tracking capability of the missile to the precise PRF of the selected laser code.

narrows

 

If the RF missile is tracking and the target range is less than _____, the allowable constraints angle is _______.

1KM

5 DEGREES

 

Where is the hazard area for a radiating RF missile located?

1 meter and a 45 degree cone off the missile nose

 

In what three modes does the RF missile operate?

Standby, Prelaunch, Post Launch

 

The _______ _______ switch is used to rapidly orient the FCR antenna to the highest priority RFI emitter.

CUED Search

 

A cued search may be performed on a Fine Detect or Course Detect as long as the target is within _______degrees of the ______ ________.

+ / - 90

Aircraft Centerline

 

Up to _____ RFI emitters can be displayed.

10

 

After RFI emitters have ceased radiating for _________, the symbols will change to _____ _____. After 90 seconds of no transmission receipt, the symbols will ________.

30 seconds

partial intensity

blank

 

An offset of ____ to ____ degrees, to the firing side, should be used when possible to preclude the missile from flying through the TADS FOV.

3 to 5 degrees

 

SAL Hellfire Missile Performance Detractors:

Backscatter, Boresight Error, Spot Jitter, Beam Divergence, Attenuation, Overspill, Underspill, Entrapment, and Podium effect

 

Under sever backscatter conditions it may not be possible to perform LOBL. In these cases, the preferred backscatter avoidance technique is to utilize a_____ _________to provide missile guidance. "Buddy laze."

remote designator

 

To eliminate a backscatter lock on, stop lasing the target. Switch to LOAL-Direct, and use a minimum of______ _________of delay from missile separation (about three seconds after trigger pull.

two seconds

 

The missile seeker has a _________ seeker limit from the missile centerline.

+/- 30 degree

 

What is the definition of Ripple fire?

Multiple missiles launched with two, or more, unique laser channel codes.

1.5 seconds between missiles

 

Rapid Fire RF missile

8 seconds between launch

100M between targets

 

During a remote designation, the designator should neither be within _________of the gun target line nor more than ________from the target centerline.

30 degrees

60 degrees

 

When employing a K2A against personnel in the open, aiming at the ground just short of the target may achieve the maximum shrapnel dispersion

When employing a K2A against personnel in the open, aiming at the ground just short of the target may achieve the maximum shrapnel dispersion.

 

The R missile is designed for what type of targets?

All, it has Blast, FRAG, and HOB selectiongs

1744-HOB

1755- Anti Armor

 

Degree of impact for DIR, FLAT and LOFT trajectories for R missile?

0 deg (500m), 6 deg(1500m), 35 deg (3500m)

 

Min engagement range for R missile LOBL, FLAT , LOFT ?

500m, 1500m, 3500m

 

HOB sensor will cause detenation___above TGT

5'

 

https://quizlet.com/109883917/hgst-ptws-flash-cards/

https://quizlet.com/114819619/hgst-fcr-flash-cards/

 

 

  • The AGM-114L5 missile is an AGM-114L missile with a software modification and is intended to give the missile an electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM) capability against RF missile jammers.
  • If the AGM-114L5 missile is unsuccessful with anti-jamming, the missile may decide to switch modes to Home on Jammer. This will cause the missile to turn towards the jamming system and impact it.



 

https://quizlet.com/202369181/hgst-flash-cards/

 

How thick does wood have to be to activate the crush plate? What happens if the missile doesn't go off?

1 inch is 95% chance of detonation; 1/8 inch is 5% chance;

missile deactivates after 150 seconds following post launch arming

 

T/F: DMS P+ and R missiles will pull lead on moving laser spots

True, the missile proceeds to a calculated intercept point when it senses a moving laser sport

 

Hight of burst sensor functions at what distance and uses what radar?

1.3 +/- 1 m FMCW

 

What does a low impact angle do to the frag radius?

It wastes the half of the frag behind the impact point by shooting it into the ground, since the scored sleeve is housed around the cylindrical missile body

 

On R variant missiles, how is fusing set?

Special PRF code

 

What penetration can be expected for fastest and slowest missile speeds per second of delay?

16 inches and 8 inches

 

Rules of thumb for delay settings:

Armor - instantaneous

Vehicles - 3.5 ms

Multi-room/story buildings - 20 ms (10 ms thin)

Adobe - 20-30 ms

Personnel/light - HOB allows 1.3m airburst

 

Clear obstacles by at least 3m for what setting?

HOB

 

On power on what fuzing does the missile default to?

Instantaneous

 

How many seconds of control movement does the accumulator provide?

55 to 70 sec (less at low temps)

 

How can you differentiate between a hang fire and a misfire?

Thermal battery gets really hot and if visible in IR will indicate fire command was received by missile and to take extra care (full deletion of battery drives mandate to keep A/C airborne for an hour if able)

 

What is the rule of thumb for best hellfire shot?

Within 40 degrees of on boresight to minimize maneuvering, ensure approach axis, and lessen sonic boom warning; within 6km but varies based on altitude

 

What increases sonic boom delay the most?

Off boresight, and farther away (in that order)

 

Sonic boom

More of an issue on high off boresight shot (HOBS); 8 km off boresight = 15 seconds; 5 km on boresight = 1.36 seconds

 

T/F: off boresight by 15 degrees is better to prevent sonic boom-impact delay

True, allows closer shot and also avoids nadir risk

 

What is success rate of buddy laze vs self-lase?

70 vs 95 percent

 

For a buddy lase ripple, what will the missiles be set to?

Two different PRF codes, one for each designator from each aircraft

 

When does the HF seeker start scanning?

Within 20 degrees of target area (determined from SLR, dep angle, azimuth)

 

What does the seeker do if it loses the target?

Scans +/- 4 degrees from last known position

 

What are the missile temperature restrictions?

-40 C to +63 C (allow 5x of cold temp time at warmer temp before employing)

 

How long must AEA remain off after powering down before restart? (AGM-114 Electronics assembly)

70 seconds

 

How long should you wait before powering up the missile again?

Allow the missile gyros to spin down for at least 30 seconds

 

Hellfire missiles CANNOT be employed on aircraft that has wet wing (glycol anti ice system)

true

 

What should you do if no impact is detected at splash time?

continue lasing for 15 seconds

cease laser

zoom out

go to IR

perform a rolling box search

(all of the above)

 

After how long is a missile considered a misfire?

If it doesnt ignite within 1 minute

 

What kind of navigation does the guidance section uses?

It uses proportional navigation to steer the missile (missile will only make a partial correction to the target

 

https://quizlet.com/117422986/a-flash-cards/

https://quizlet.com/4686616/surface-attack-exam-flash-cards/


Edited by Heli
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