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The Cost of WWII


tusler
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I got sent this in email by a friend...it is amazing but a lot to read.

 

 

WWII MOST-PRODUCED COMBAT AIRCRAFT

Ilyushin IL-2 Sturmovik 36,183

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Yakolev Yak-1,-3,-7, -9 31,000+

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Messerschmitt Bf-109 30,480

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Focke-Wulf Fw-190 29,001

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Supermarine Spitfire/Seafire 20,351

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Convair B-24/PB4Y Liberator/Privateer 18,482

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Republic P-47 Thunderbolt 15,686

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North American P-51 Mustang 15,875

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Junkers Ju-88 15,000

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Hawker Hurricane 14,533

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Curtiss P-40 Warhawk 13,738

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Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress 12,731

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Vought F4U Corsair 12,571

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Grumman F6F Hellcat 12,275

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Petlyakov Pe-2 11,400

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Lockheed P-38 Lightning 10,037

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Mitsubishi A6M Zero 10,449

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North American B-25 Mitchell 9,984

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Lavochkin LaGG-5 9,920

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Note: The LaGG-5 was produced with both water-cooled (top) and air-cooled (bottom) engines.

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Statistics from Flight Journal magazine.

THE COST of DOING BUSINESS

---- The staggering cost of war.

 

 

THE PRICE OF VICTORY (cost of an aircraft in WWII dollars)

B-17 $204,370. P-40 $44,892.

B-24 $215,516. P-47 $85,578.

B-25 $142,194. P-51 $51,572.

B-26 $192,426. C-47 $88,574.

B-29 $605,360. PT-17 $15,052.

P-38 $97,147. AT-6 $22,952.

 

PLANES A DAY WORLDWIDE

 

From Germany 's invasion of Poland Sept.. 1, 1939 and ending with Japan 's surrender Sept. 2, 1945 --- 2,433 days. From 1942 onward, America averaged 170 planes lost a day.

 

How many is a 1,000 planes? B-17 production (12,731) wingtip to wingtip would extend 250 miles. 1,000 B-17s carried 2.5 million gallons of high octane fuel and required 10,000 airmen to fly and fight them.

 

THE NUMBERS GAME

 

9.7 billion gallons of gasoline consumed, 1942-1945.

 

107.8 million hours flown, 1943-1945.

 

459.7 billion rounds of aircraft ammo fired overseas, 1942-1945.

 

7.9 million bombs dropped overseas, 1943-1945.

 

2.3 million combat sorties, 1941-1945 (one sortie = one takeoff).

 

299,230 aircraft accepted, 1940-1945.

 

808,471 aircraft engines accepted, 1940-1945.

 

799,972 propellers accepted, 1940-1945.

 

 

 

Sources: Rene Francillon, Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific war; Cajus Bekker, The Luftwaffe Diaries; Ray Wagner, American Combat Planes; Wikipedia.

 

According to the AAF Statistical Digest, in less than four years (December 1941- August 1945), the US Army Air Forces lost 14,903 pilots, aircrew and assorted personnel plus 13,873 airplanes --- inside the continental United States . They were the result of 52,651 aircraft accidents (6,039 involving fatalities) in 45 months.

 

Think about those numbers. They average 1,170 aircraft accidents per month---- nearly 40 a day. (However, less than one accident in four resulted in total loss of the aircraft)

 

 

It gets worse.....

 

Almost 1,000 Army planes disappeared en route from the US to foreign locations. But an eye-watering 43,581 aircraft were lost overseas including 22,948 on combat missions (18,418 against the Western Axis) and 20,633 attributed to non-combat causes overseas.

 

In a single 376 plane raid in August 1943, 60 B-17s were shot down. That was a 16 percent loss rate and meant 600 empty bunks in England .. In 1942-43 it was statistically impossible for bomber crews to complete a 25-mission tour in Europe .

 

Pacific theatre losses were far less (4,530 in combat) owing to smaller forces committed.. The worst B-29 mission, against Tokyo on May 25, 1945, cost 26 Superfortresses, 5.6 percent of the 464 dispatched from the Marianas..

 

On average, 6,600 American servicemen died per month during WWII, about 220 a day. By the end of the war, over 40,000 airmen were killed in combat theatres and another 18,000 wounded. Some 12,000 missing men were declared dead, including a number "liberated" by the Soviets but never returned. More than 41,000 were captured, half of the 5,400 held by the Japanese died in captivity, compared with one-tenth in German hands. Total combat casualties were pegged at 121,867.

 

US manpower made up the deficit. The AAF's peak strength was reached in 1944 with 2,372,000 personnel, nearly twice the previous year's figure.

 

The losses were huge---but so were production totals. From 1941 through 1945, American industry deliveredmore than 276,000 military aircraft. That number was enough not only for US Army, Navy and Marine Corps, but for allies as diverse as Britain, Australia, China and Russia. In fact, from 1943 onward, America produced more planes than Britain and Russia combined. And more than Germany and Japan together 1941-45.

However, our enemies took massive losses. Through much of 1944, the Luftwaffe sustained uncontrolled hemorrhaging, reaching 25 percent of aircrews and 40 planes a month. And in late 1944 into 1945, nearly half the pilots in Japanese squadrons had flown fewer than 200 hours. The disparity of two years before had been completely reversed.

 

 

Experience Level:

 

Uncle Sam sent many of his sons to war with absolute minimums of training. Some fighter pilots entered combat in 1942 with less than one hour in their assigned aircraft.

 

The 357th Fighter Group (often known as The Yoxford Boys) went to England in late 1943 having trained on P-39s. The group never saw a Mustang until shortly before its first combat mission.

 

A high-time P-51 pilot had 30 hours in type. Many had fewer than five hours. Some had one hour.

 

With arrival of new aircraft, many combat units transitioned in combat. The attitude was, "They all have a stick and a throttle. Go fly “em." When the famed 4th Fighter Group converted from P-47s to P-51s in February 1944, there was no time to stand down for an orderly transition.

 

The Group commander, Col. Donald Blakeslee, said, "You can learn to fly `51s on the way to the target.

 

A future P-47 ace said, "I was sent to England to die." He was not alone.

 

Some fighter pilots tucked their wheels in the well on their first combat mission with one previous flight in the aircraft. Meanwhile, many bomber crews were still learning their trade: of Jimmy Doolittle's 15 pilots on the April 1942 Tokyo raid, only five had won their wings before 1941.

 

All but one of the 16 copilots were less than a year out of flight school..

 

In WWII flying safety took a back seat to combat. The AAF's worst accident rate was recorded by the A-36 Invader version of the P-51: a staggering 274 accidents per 100,000 flying hours.

 

Next worst were the P-39 at 245, the P-40 at 188, and the P-38 at 139. All were Allison powered.

 

Bomber wrecks were fewer but more expensive. The B-17 and B-24 averaged 30 and 35 accidents per 100,000 flight hours, respectively-- a horrific figure considering that from 1980 to 2000 the Air Force's major mishap rate was less than 2.

 

The B-29 was even worse at 40; the world's most sophisticated, most capable and most expensive bomber was too urgently needed to stand down for mere safety reasons.. The AAF set a reasonably high standard for B-29 pilots, but the desired figures were seldom attained.

 

The original cadre of the 58th Bomb Wing was to have 400 hours of multi-engine time, but there were not enough experienced pilots to meet the criterion. Only ten percent had overseas experience. Conversely, when a $2.1 billion B-2 crashed in 2008, the Air Force initiated a two-month "safety pause" rather than declare a "stand down", let alone grounding.

 

The B-29 was no better for maintenance. Though the R3350 was known as a complicated, troublesome power-plant, no more than half the mechanics had previous experience with the Duplex Cyclone. But they made it work.

 

Navigators:

 

Perhaps the greatest unsung success story of AAF training was Navigators.

 

The Army graduated some 50,000 during the War. And many had never flown out of sight of land before leaving "Uncle Sugar" for a war zone. Yet the huge majority found their way across oceans and continents without getting lost or running out of fuel --- a stirring tribute to the AAF's educational establishments.

 

Cadet To Colonel:

 

It was possible for a flying cadet at the time of Pearl Harbor to finish the war with eagles on his shoulders. That was the record of John D. Landers, a 21-year-old Texan, who was commissioned a second lieutenant on December 12, 1941. He joined his combat squadron with 209 hours total flight time, including 2 in P-40s. He finished the war as a full colonel, commanding an 8th Air Force Group --- at age 24.

 

As the training pipeline filled up, however those low figures became exceptions.

 

By early 1944, the average AAF fighter pilot entering combat had logged at least 450 hours, usually including 250 hours in training. At the same time, many captains and first lieutenants claimed over 600 hours.

 

FACT:

 

At its height in mid-1944, the Army Air Forces had 2.6 million people and nearly 80,000 aircraft of all types.

 

Today the US Air Force employs 327,000 active personnel (plus 170,000 civilians) with 5,500+ manned and perhaps 200 unmanned aircraft.

 

The 2009 figures represent about 12 percent of the manpower and 7 percent of the airplanes of the WWII peak.

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Ask Jesus for Forgiveness before you takeoff :pilotfly:!

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Amazing numbers ... thanks for sharing :)

 

However, the Fw190 production numbers seem to be wrong, as most sources cite a "close to 20.000 units produced" ... for example: http://fw190.hobbyvista.com/werkn.htm

 

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I find it incredible that back then guys were strapping into the ball turret and fighting 2 50 cal guns at 18 and 19 years old. Recently our college students in California were so traumatized by Trump getting elected the schools had to postpone the test and other academic activities...Oh how far have we fallen

Ask Jesus for Forgiveness before you takeoff :pilotfly:!

PC=Win 10 HP 64 bit, Gigabyte Z390, Intel I5-9600k, 32 gig ram, Nvidia 2060 Super 8gig video. TM HOTAS WARTHOG with Saitek Pedals

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I find it incredible that back then guys were strapping into the ball turret and fighting 2 50 cal guns at 18 and 19 years old. Recently our college students in California were so traumatized by Trump getting elected the schools had to postpone the test and other academic activities...Oh how far have we fallen

 

They truly were the "Greatest Generation."

 

Thanks for all the stats! The number of aircraft is simply incredible. It becomes even more mind boggling when you include the number of tanks, ships, and firearms made.

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